Anilao, Iloilo is a fourth class municipality in the province of Iloilo, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 27,486 people. Anilao is politically subdivided into 21 barangays.
Like other towns along the coastal areas in the Island of Panay, Anilao was founded by a group of fishermen during the Pre-Spanish period. The former town site was near the mouth of the western bank of the Anilao River, where the town derived its name. The thick mangrove forest in the swamp bordering the mouth of the river afforded their fishing boats a good shelter during typhoons.